Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1, 2 Out of 3 People in the World Have Virus, About 3.7 billion people under the age of 50 have the virus, which causes cold sores and can lead to sores on the genitals, WHO reported in scientific journal PLoS ONE.
World Health Organization (WHO) Says
An estimated 3.7 billion people – two thirds of the global population under the age of 50– are infected with #herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). Herpes is a lifelong infection, which often has mild or no symptoms but can be detected by the presence of antibodies in the blood.
Herpes simplex virus is categorized into two types: 1 and 2. Both are highly infectious and incurable. HSV-1 is primarily transmitted by oral-oral contact and in most cases causes orolabial herpes or “cold sores” around the mouth. Herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) is almost entirely sexually transmitted through skin-to-skin contact, causing genital herpes.
Regional infection Estimates
Estimates for HSV-1 prevalence by region among people aged 0-49 in 2012:
- Americas: 178 million women (49%), 142 million men (39%)
- Africa: 350 million women (87%), 355 million men (87%)
- Eastern Mediterranean: 188 million women (75%), 202 million men (75%)
- Europe: 207 million women (69%), 187 million men (61%)
- South-East Asia: 432 million women (59%), 458 million men (58%)
- Western Pacific: 488 million women (74%), 521 million men (73%)
Estimates of new HSV-1 infections among people aged 0-49 in 2012:
- Americas: 6 million women, 5 million men
- Africa: 17 million women, 18 million men
- Eastern Mediterranean: 6 million women, 7 million men
- Europe: 5 million women, 5 million men
- South-East Asia: 13 million women, 14 million men
- Western Pacific: 11 million women, 12 million men
What is herpes simplex 1?
The major cause of herpes infections on mouth and lips that even include cold sores and fever blisters is HSV-1. It can be transmitted through sharing drinking utensils or kissing. Genital herpes can also be caused by HSV-1; however, the chief cause is HSV-2.
Can you get rid of herpes?
Herpes are incurable. But there are some medicines through which it can be prevented or the outbreaks can be shortened. There is one of the herpes medicines that you can take daily and it reduces the chances of passing the infection to your sex partner.
How do you get herpes?
Herpes simplex type-1 can be transmitted through sores on the skin or oral secretions that can be spread through sharing objects like toothbrushes or eating utensils or through kissing. Generally, a person can be infected by herpes type-2 when in sexual contact with the other person who has genital HSV-2 infectious.
What is herpes type 2?
Through herpes type-1 sores are caused around mouth and lips (also known as fever blisters or cold sores). Genital herpes are caused by HSV-1 but in most of the cases genital herpes are caused by HSV type-2. A HSV-2 infected person might have sores around the rectum or genitals.